Employment is an arrangement between two parties, generally in terms of a contract in which one party, generally a corporation, for monetary value, pay for employment, where another party, generally a self-employed person, for personal gain, not-for- Profit, co-operatively or other association is the employer. The employee is the person entering into employment. Employment is also a term that describes the relationship of an employee with his employer. In certain developed countries, employment is regulated by a law known as employment law. Employment law aims to provide a forum for the expression of interests and a method by which employment is regulated.
The main objective of employment law is to ensure that the workplace is safe for all concerned including employees, employers, workers and other third parties. The right of an employee to respect and protection against discrimination at the workplace is an essential right protected by employment law. The law also aims to protect the productive potential of employees who are engaged in certain tasks. The law recognizes that economic growth is closely linked to employment so any measures that limit employment or reduce opportunities for employment or increase the cost of employment are considered to be unlawful. Apart from this, there are several other objectives of employment law such as encouraging workmanship and creativity at work, promoting efficiency and thereby enhancing productivity, providing equal opportunity to all, eliminating racial discrimination, ensuring safety and protection of the workplace, preventing sex discrimination and violence in the workplace and more.
There are various forms of employment available in today’s world. Some of the most common are clerical, retail, white collar, construction workers, engineers, food processing, administrative, customer service and many more. Many industries also offer training for the workers. The concept of the law on employment is not uniform from one country to another and therefore it varies with the nature of the industry
Basic labor rights of workers include the right to set the working hours, make contracts, be paid minimum wage, be paid at regular intervals and be paid on a regular basis without any violation of the worker’s rights. There are several other provisions as well, which guarantee a better living standard for the workers. However, in some industries the compensation for workers has been found inadequate to provide for their needs. For instance, in the United States, the Federal Trade Commission has formulated laws and guidelines to provide protection to the workers. In spite of these guidelines, the employers have not adhered to them consistently.
In case of an employment agency, whether an individual person, company or an organization can advertise for employment, the main article of the law is that the person or the group is to be given a fair notice before anyone else gets hold of them. In fact, in several cases, even after the employment has been advertised, the employer does not approach the candidate directly. Instead, he approaches an employment agency which handles the job of screening and getting information on the database of candidates. This means that the main article of the law is that there should be some kind of a screening of the candidates who are being considered for employment.
The main article of the law on labor is that all the individuals who have been put under the employments cannot be discriminated based on sex, religion, national origin, age, disability, accident, medical or any other matter. These are the factors which affect the overall labor productivity and also reduce the efficiency of the workforce. Apart from this, the law requires the employers to insure their workers have a right to join, and a right to free speech and labor negotiation. They are also bound to respect the privacy of the workers, and refrain from divulging their personal details to others.