Men’s health generally refers to a condition of full physical, emotional, and social well being, as experienced by men. Men’s health is commonly affected by physiological differences in men, especially to the lack of disease or infirmity, compared to woman’s. It is important for men to understand that men’s health issues are often different and diverse, with regards to physiology, psychology, social aspects and behaviours. Health issues affecting men are mostly related to the reproductive functions. Men may experience problems with premature ejaculation or erectile dysfunction. Premature ejaculation is defined as the loss of control over ejaculatory flow, causing a man to ejaculate sooner than he or his partner would like.
A well established relationship exists between low levels of testosterone and erectile dysfunction. Testosterone production is affected by a number of factors including genetics, disease, stress, diet, lifestyle, medication, smoking and alcohol use. The male hormone testosterone controls the major centres of sexual functioning in men. The decline in testosterone levels has been associated with a number of health and sexual health issues in both men and women.
Condoms can help prevent the transmission of STD ( sexually transmitted diseases ) and HIV. Unprotected sexual intercourse can result in the transmission of many STDs, some of which are Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and prostate cancer. Many men in the United States suffer from low sperm counts, impairing their fertility. Since sperm count directly influences sperm quality, increasing sperm count through assisted reproduction techniques such as vasectomies and in vitro fertilization is a method of improving reproductive health. In addition, men are advised to wear condoms, if they want to avoid infecting their partners during intercourse.
There are several theories linking male deaths at work and on the road to cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure. According to studies, the decline in testosterone levels may be to blame for increased male deaths related to heart disease, while the absence of testosterone may be linked to other types of deaths. Men who work in high risk occupations for example mining, farming, forestry, construction, trucking, coal mining, and airline jobs, are more likely to die at work compared to men working in less risky occupations. Low levels of testosterone may be one of the causes for male deaths from heart disease, while other factors such as poor diet, lack of physical activity, smoking, and high blood pressure are also likely causes of male cardiovascular disease.
Although many men perceive that unhealthy eating habits are associated with poor sexual health, research shows otherwise. Men who eat a healthy diet have higher energy levels and are more alert and less stressed. A healthy diet leads to an optimal testosterone production. Testosterone production is affected by diet and lifestyle through a variety of mechanisms including changes in the production and release of testosterone. High levels of dietary fat and sodium increase the likelihood of hypertension and other health problems related to sexual health and eating a healthy diet helps men maintain a normal testosterone level, which in turn helps them maintain healthy sexual health.
One of the most serious health concerns among men today is testicular cancer. While the disease has been relatively rare in men in the past, there has been a significant increase in its incidence in the last forty years. Testicular cancer is the eighth leading cause of death among men and has the highest incidence in white men.